Contemporary research literature on TR begins in the late 1960s, with special education trainer, Antoine Kroger, publishing a remarkable and pioneering for its time article, entitled "Educating with horses." The article describes the beneficial effects
of the interaction with the horse, on the behavior and psychomotor development of children and adolescents with behavioral and mental disorders.
There followed quite some research conducted with people with neurological and developmental disorders such
as Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation, Autism, Multiple Sclerosis etc. who participated in hippotherapy programs. The majority of these studies showed promising and even impressive results regarding the improvement in motor and/or mental abilities of the above
mentioned population. The most important results concern improvement of balance, improvement of posture, increase the range of motion of the joints, improved muscle coordination, improved coarse motor function and gait, but also increase in confidence
The documented scientific data now lead health care professionals of pediatric rehabilitation to work with the hippotherapy more and more, resulting in the creation of a number od professional TR and hippotherapy teams
in Greece and abroad.
But attention must be payed, as we must not forget that the horse becomes a therapeutic means only when the therapeutic procedure is applied under certain strict conditions, such as specially trained horses, specially designed
environment, special equipment and a riding interdisciplinary staff specialized in therapeutic, such as physiotherapists, occupational therapists , speech therapists, psychologists and special educators.